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In This Section

Introduction

The information on this page is for guidance only. Read the Irish Nationality and Citizenship Acts for a complete description of citizenship by naturalisation.

You may be eligible to apply for Irish citizenship by naturalisation if you are living in the State or if you are living on the island of Ireland and married to an Irish citizen. You may also be eligible to apply for Irish citizenship if you are of Irish descent or have Irish associations* or have been resident abroad in the Irish public service or have been declared to be a refugee or stateless as defined by law.

If your application is approved you will be invited to attend a Citizenship Ceremony where you will receive a Certificate of Naturalisation and make a declaration of fidelity to the nation and loyalty to the State.

Applications are decided by the Minister for Justice and Equality who may exercise total discretion when granting citizenship.

Eligibility

Adults

Criteria for applying as an adult

  • Are of full age (aged 18 or over, or if aged under 18 you are married)

  • Meet the relevant conditions for residence
  • Intend to reside in the State or if you are spouse/civil partner of an Irish citizen intend to reside on the island of Ireland
  • Are of good character

  • Will attend a citizenship ceremony and make the declaration of fidelity

Application Form

Click here to access Form 8

Other Important Information

In some circumstances the Minister for Justice and Equality may approve an application for citizenship, even if all the above conditions are not met, for someone who:

  • Is of Irish descent or has Irish associations*, or

  • Has been resident abroad in the Irish public service, or
  • Has been declared to be a refugee or stateless as defined by law

Dependant young adults who are non-EU/EEA & non-Swiss citizens

Definition

A ‘dependant young adult‘ is someone who depends on their parents for accommodation and general living expenses.

Criteria for applying as a dependant young adult

You may apply for citizenship as a dependant young adult if you meet the eligibility requirements for an adult application and you:

  • Are aged 18-23 when you apply

  • Entered the State legally as part of a family unit

  • Are currently attending secondary school in the State, or you went directly from secondary school into third level education in the State

  • Are continuously dependent on your parents, you are not financially independent

Application Form

Click here to access Form 8

Other Important Information

You may need to use your parents’ calculation of ‘reckonable residence’ in your application for periods up to age 16 and periods for permission granted for the purpose of study.

Minors (children)

Definition

A minor (child) is someone aged under 18 who is not married at the time of application. A child cannot make the application by themselves. The application must be made by their parent, legal guardian or a person acting on the child’s behalf ‘in loco parentis’.

The different types of application that can be submitted are:

Types of Application Forms

  • If one of the minor’s parents has already been naturalised (use Form 9)

  • If the minor is of Irish descent or has Irish associations (use Form 10)

  • If the minor was born in the State after 1 January 2005, and was not entitled to Irish citizenship at the time of birth, but has since accumulated 5 years’ reckonable residence (use Form 11)

Other Important Information

Non EU/EEA and non Swiss children aged 16 or over must register with GNIB Local Regional Registration Office (outside Dublin City or county) or ISD Burgh Quay Immigration Registration Office (in Dublin City or county) and keep their registration up-to-date.

Adult application based on residence for non-EU/EEA & non-Swiss nationals

To apply for citizenship by naturalisation based on residence, you must prove that you:

  • Have been – and are now – legally resident in the State, and
  • Have built up enough ‘reckonable residence’ in the State
You must prove that you have been legally resident in the State for at least 5 years out of the last 9 years. This includes 1 year of continuous residence immediately before the date you apply.

You can do this by showing your immigration permission stamps or documents from the Department of Justice and Equality indicating your permissions granted.

You must show that you built up enough reckonable residence in the State to be granted citizenship, specifically:

  • 1825 or 1826 days of reckonable residence based on your accumulated permission stamps
  • This includes 365 or 366 days (1 year) of continuous residence immediately before the date you apply

Some types of permission stamps cannot be included when adding up your reckonable residence. Click here to check immigration permission stamps.

Use the Naturalisation Residency Calculator to check if you have enough reckonable residence
Guidelines for using the Naturalisation Residency Calculator

Documents to send as proof of residence

  • Government issued proofs such as P60 (for 2019 onwards P60 replacement ‘Employment detail summary’), Property Tax or Social Welfare documentation

  • Mortgage Statements

You may also use:

  • Bank statements showing direct debits for wages, utility bills

  • Wages payslips to support P60 and Employment detail summary
  • Rental agreements

  • Spouses Revenue documentation

  • Utility bills such as Electricity, Gas, Water, Fixed line telephone, Fixed line internet, Fixed line TV
  • School letters for children

  • Employment letter for Spouse

  • Letter from Sports Club/Social Club

For a dependent young adult (aged 18-23): A letter from your school or college showing your date of registration and attendance

Retention of documents

We will not return any documents that you submit with your application to you. We keep them to preserve the integrity of your file. If you submit an original document, make a copy of it for your own records first.

You must include a print-out of the calculator showing your personal reckonable residence when sending in your application form.

Reckonable residence & registration

Make sure you keep your immigration registration up-to-date (with no gaps) during your residence. If not, your application for citizenship could be deemed ineligible.

Time gaps between stamps or permissions, could mean you were in the State illegally.

Note: If you had permission to live in the State but you spent long periods of time abroad, you must provide as much detailed information as possible in support of your application. On occasion additional information may be required.

Adult application based on residence for UK, EU/EEA & Swiss nationals

To apply for citizenship by naturalisation based on residence, you must prove that you have been resident in the State for at least 5 years (1825 or 1826 days) out of the last 9 years.

This includes 1 year (365 or 366 days) of continuous residence immediately before the date you apply.

UK, EU/EEA and Swiss nationals do not need to use the residence calculator.

You must send us 3 different documents for each year you claim you were resident here to use as proof of residence. You should submit photocopies of each document and ensure that each document shows your name and address.

In some circumstances, we may ask you for extra documents or information to prove your residence over certain periods of time.

Note: If you spent long periods of time abroad, you must provide as much detailed information as possible in support of your application. On occasion additional information may be required.

Documents to send as proof of residence

  • Government issued proofs such as P60 (for 2019 onwards P60 replacement ‘Employment detail summary’), Property Tax or Social Welfare documentation
  • Mortgage Statements

You may also use:

  • Bank statements showing direct debits for wages, utility bills

  • Wages payslips to support P60 and Employment detail summary
  • Rental agreements

  • Spouses Revenue documentation

  • Utility bills such as Electricity, Gas, Water, Fixed line telephone, Fixed line internet, Fixed line TV
  • School letters for children

  • Employment letter for Spouse

  • Letter from Sports Club/Social Club

For a dependent young adult (aged 18-23): A letter from your school or college showing your date of registration and attendance

Retention of documents

We will not return any documents that you submit with your application to you. We keep them to preserve the integrity of your file.

If you submit an original document, make a copy of it for your own records first.

Note: To apply as a UK, EU/EEA & Swiss national, you must have been a UK, EU/EEA or Swiss national for more than 5 years. If not, you must apply as a non-EU/EEA & non-Swiss national.

Adult application based on marriage or civil partnership to an Irish citizen

You can apply for citizenship by naturalisation based on your marriage to or being the civil partner of an Irish citizen. To apply, you must meet the eligibility and other requirements listed below.

You must:

  • Have been married to, or in a civil partnership with, an Irish citizen for 3 years
  • Have been (and are now) living together in an ongoing marriage/civil partnership of not less than 3 years
  • Be of full age (18 or over) when you apply

You must prove that you have been legally resident on the island of Ireland for at least 3 years out of the last 5 years. This includes 1 year of continuous residence immediately before the date you apply.

You must be legally resident on the island of Ireland. If you are a non EU/EEA and non Swiss spouse/civil partner of an Irish national, you must keep your immigration registration up-to-date at all times during your residence both in the State and on the Island of Ireland.

Calculation of reckonable residence for Non EU/EEA and non Swiss nationals.

You must show that you built up enough reckonable residence on the island of Ireland to be granted citizenship, specifically:

  • 1095 or 1096 days of reckonable residence based on your accumulated permission stamps
  • This includes 365 or 366 days (1 year) of continuous residence immediately before the date you apply
  • Some types of permission stamps cannot be included when adding up your reckonable residence. If you reside in the State click here to find information. If you reside in Northern Ireland, click here to find information.
Use the Naturalisation Residency Calculator to check if you have enough reckonable residence
Guidelines for using the Naturalisation Residency Calculator

Non EU/EEA and non Swiss nationals should use the naturalisation residency calculator. On the calculator enter the dates for each of the periods of permissions granted.

All applicants must also send us 3 different documents for each year you claim you were resident here to use as proof of residence. You should submit photocopies of each document and ensure that each document shows the date, your name and address. In addition, you must submit 3 proofs of residence in the 3 months prior to the date of application for both applicant and spouse/civil partner and each document must show the date, your and spouse/civil partner name and address.

In some circumstances, we may ask you for extra documents or information to prove your residence over certain periods of time.

Documents

Read the full list of required documents on the application form (Form 8).

You must also submit certified translations of these documents if they are not in the English language.

Recognition of civil partnerships registered abroad

You should check that your civil partnership can be recognised by the Irish State before you apply for citizenship.

Civil Partnership Orders determine which foreign civil partnerships are recognised. These orders are issued periodically.

Note: For non EU/EEA and non Swiss nationals who had permission to live on the island of Ireland and for all applicants who may have spent long periods of time abroad, you must provide as much detailed information as possible in support of your application. On occasion additional information may be required.

Documents to send as proof of residence

  • Government issued proofs such as P60 (for 2019 onwards P60 replacement ‘Employment detail summary’), Property Tax or Social Welfare documentation
  • Mortgage Statements

You may also use:

  • Bank statements showing direct debits for wages, utility bills

  • Wages payslips to support P60 and Employment detail summary
  • Rental agreements

  • Spouses Revenue documentation

  • Utility bills such as Electricity, Gas, Water, Fixed line telephone, Fixed line internet, Fixed line TV
  • Employment letter for Spouse

  • School letters for children

  • Letter from Sports Club/Social Club

Retention of documents

We will not return any documents that you submit with your application to you. We keep them to preserve the integrity of your file.

If you submit an original document, make a copy of it for your own records first.

Refugees

You may be eligible to apply for Irish citizenship if you have been declared to be a refugee.

You should submit a copy of your letter granting your Refugee status in the State.

Refugee applicants for Naturalisation, please note the following:

  • If you anticipate that your refugee status will present particular difficulties in supplying a current and valid passport, you should provide a detailed note, setting out in details of your case.
  • If your passport is currently in the possession of The Immigration Service Delivery (ISD) you should include this information with your application, including the specific area within ISD that you sent the passport to.
  • Person’s granted Programme or Convention refugee status do not need to complete the Naturalisation Residency Calculator.

Make sure you keep your immigration registration up-to-date (with no gaps) during your residence.

You must also send us 3 different documents for each year you claim you were resident here to use as proof of residence. You should submit photocopies of each document and ensure that each document shows your name and address.

In some circumstances, we may ask you for extra documents or information to prove your residence over certain periods of time.

Note: If you had permission to live in the State but you spent long periods of time abroad, you must provide as much detailed information as possible in support of your application. On occasion additional information may be required.

Documents to send as proof of residence

  • Government issued proofs such as P60 (for 2019 onwards P60 replacement ‘Employment detail summary’), Property Tax or Social Welfare documentation
  • Mortgage Statements

You may also use:

  • Bank statements showing direct debits for wages, utility bills

  • Wages payslips to support P60 and Employment detail summary
  • Rental agreements

  • Spouses Revenue documentation

  • Utility bills such as Electricity, Gas, Water, Fixed line telephone, Fixed line internet, Fixed line TV
  • Employment letter for Spouse

  • School letters for children

  • Letter from Sports Club/Social Club

Retention of documents

We will not return any documents that you submit with your application to you. We keep them to preserve the integrity of your file.

If you submit an original document, make a copy of it for your own records first.

Forms

Find the application form you need, download and complete to make an application.

Use the latest version of the form. If you complete an old form, it will be returned to you and you will have to start again.

Each form contains a guide and checklist to help you.

Full age, Full Age Young adult, Spouse or Civil Partner of an Irish citizen, Refugee, Adult with Irish Associations.

Download Form 8
  • Child’s parent, legal guardian
Download Form 9
  • Child’s parent, legal guardian or a person acting ‘in loco parentis’
Download Form 10
  • Child’s parent, legal guardian or a person acting ‘in loco parentis’
Download Form 11

Witness & signature

Do not sign the form until it is complete and you are with someone who can act as a witness. Instructions about who can be a witness are on the form.

After the form has been signed and properly witnessed, return it to us together with any supporting documents or other information.

Make sure you read all guidance carefully. If you submit an application that is incorrect or not fully completed, everything will be returned to you and you may have to start again.

Note: Please ensure that the two colour passport photographs submitted with an application for naturalisation are signed and dated on the back by the witness who signs the statutory declaration to confirm they are your photograph as per guidelines for completing an application for naturalisation.
Note: Please ensure that suitable envelopes are used when submitting applications and documentation to Citizenship Division, Immigration Service Delivery (ISD) as there are an increasing number of instances where items are falling out of post sent to the Citizenship Division.

Fees

Application Fee

A fee of €175 applies for each application. There are no exceptions and fees will not be waived.

We can only accept a bank draft as payment. The bank draft must be:

  • Drawn on an Irish bank
  • Made payable to Secretary General, Department of Justice and Equality

We cannot accept personal cheques, postal orders or cash. Fees cannot be refunded , even if your application is refused.

Certification fee

If your application is approved, you must pay a certification fee to receive your Certificate of Naturalisation:

  • €950 – Adult
  • €200 – Minor
  • €200 – Widow, Widower or Surviving Civil Partner of an Irish citizen

  • €0 – Recognised refugee or stateless person

We can only accept bank drafts drawn on an Irish bank as payment. Make the draft payable to Secretary General, Department of Justice and Equality.

Fees must be paid by all applicants (except as shown). There are no exceptions and fees cannot be waived or refunded.

Processing

In general, it takes 6 months for a straightforward application to be processed from the date it is received to the date a decision is made. (Processing times can vary depending on circumstances.)

You can withdraw your application at any time, but you will not get a fee refund.

Note: If your passport is not returned by Citizenship Division within 10 working day please contact the Citizenship Office immediately.

Checks

When we receive your application, we will check that you have:

  • Used the correct (most recent) version of the application form
  • Paid the application fee
  • Completed the statutory declarations

  • Submitted all documents as listed in the form’s Guidance Note

If any documents are missing, you may be given up to 28 days to provide them. If you fail to do so, your application may be deemed ineligible or refused.

  • We will also contact An Garda Síochána and the Garda National Immigration Bureau (GNIB)

  • We may contact other government departments or external agencies for information or reports about you, if necessary

  • We may send your passport for official authentication

We may also contact you to ask for more information or documents.

If you are outside the State for longer than 6 weeks after you submit your application, you must notify ISD by letter or email to explain why.

Submission

When processing is complete, we will prepare a submission on your application for decision by the Minister for Justice and Equality.

There is no guarantee your application will be successful even if you meet all conditions required by law. The Minister has absolute discretion for granting citizenship.

Refused applications

We will advise you of the Minister’s decision and the reasons your application was refused.

There is no appeal process and you will not get a refund of any fees.

You can re-apply for citizenship by naturalisation at any time. When doing so, you should pay careful attention to the reasons your previous application was refused.

Approved applications (Minors)

Successful applicants who are children (minors) do not attend a Citizenship Ceremony. They will receive their Certificate of Naturalisation by post.

Approved applications

We will send you a letter advising you of the Minister’s proposal to grant you a certificate of naturalisation subject to the completion of the naturalisation process.

Citizenship ceremony

To become a citizen, you must then attend a Citizenship Ceremony and make a declaration of fidelity to the nation and loyalty to the State. You will be given your Certificate of Naturalisation at the ceremony.

To complete your application for citizenship and prepare for the ceremony, you must:

  • Send some final documentation to us (as listed in your approval letter) such as your Irish Residence Permit (IRP) or GNIB card, passport-sized photos for your Certificate of Naturalisation.
  • Pay the certification fee (as above)

A day of Citizenship Ceremonies are held periodically through the year. Please do not contact us regarding ceremony invitations as we are not in a position to confirm invitations. You will receive an invitation to your ceremony by post before it is scheduled to occur.

Irish Passport

After you become an Irish citizen, you can apply for a passport via the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.